What are Hemorrhoids?
Hemorrhoids (aka Piles) are actually veins around the region of anal canal that become varicose. They commonly develop due to increase in intra-abdominal pressure, which could be due to any factor such as obesity, excessive coughing, constipation or pregnancy.
Hemorrhoids are of two types – Internal which form inside the rectum, and external forming outside. Main symptom of internal hemorrhoids is bleeding. External hemorrhoids can get thrombosed due to loss of blood supply, and the symptoms in such a scenario include severe pain, bleeding, itching, and inflammation of the skin around the anus.
What then, is the treatment of such a condition? Current options include , natural supplements like Venapro, or some home remedies, non-surgical and surgical options.
Home remedies for thrombosed external hemorrhoids
This is the first line of treatment, and the simplest of all. Along with lifestyle changes, it includes Venapro or certain supplements suggestions as well as local application of easily available, household items. The various doable-at-home, quick fixes include:
- Hygiene – Most crucial of all, hygiene is the first step towards curing hemorrhoids.
- Witch hazel: It is a natural item the application of which can be used to shrink the size of hemorrhoid.
- Epsom salt and baking soda paste: A paste-like mixture of Epsom salt and baking soda can help decrease the inflammation associated with hemorrhoids.
- Ice pack – This gives temporary relief by reducing the soreness and might cause the hemorrhoid to shrink a bit.
- Aloe Vera – Known for its healing properties, it can be applied to the area in gel form. Even consuming the gel can help by softening the stools.
- Sitz bath – An efficient method against hemorrhoids, a typical Sitz bath consists of sitting 15-20 minutes in a small tub filled with lukewarm water. This aids in the healing while also maintaining hygiene.
- Adequate hydration – This ensures softening of stools and ease the movement of bowels. At least 10 glasses water daily
- Fiber-rich diet – Including fruits and other high-fiber food in your diet will help by easing your bowel movements.
- Regular exercise: This has multiple benefits. It helps bowel movement and maintaining your weight.
Usually effective, it is imperative to consult a doctor for further treatment in case the home remedies do not provide you adequate relief.
Drugs can only help alleviate the symptoms and include painkillers, laxatives or local anesthetics. Newer therapies are also available such as topical nifedipine.
Other non-surgical procedures include banding, cauterization and sclerotherapy.
Surgery – Isn’t as scary as it seems
Surgery is considered an effective treatment for thrombosed external hemorrhoids. Surgery is usually performed as an outpatient procedure under local anesthesia. No serious complications usually occur from the surgery. However, it is crucial that you take good care of the site for a couple of weeks post-procedure.
Easy way to prevent Thrombosed External Hemorrhoids
The old adage ‘Prevention is better than cure’ holds true for hemorrhoids too. Why go through the pain if you can prevent it timely. These basic lifestyle changes will ensure that you never have to suffer the pain of hemorrhoids.
- Maintain adequate hydration and a high-fiber diet
- Exercise regularly
- Avoid straining in the toilet